ATPase-dependent role of the atypical kinase Rio2 on the evolving pre-40S ribosomal subunit.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Nat Struct Mol Biol, Volume 19, Issue 12, p.1316-23 (2012)
Keywords:Adenosine Triphosphatases, Humans, Models, Molecular, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Ribosomes
<p>Ribosome synthesis involves dynamic association of ribosome-biogenesis factors with evolving preribosomal particles. Rio2 is an atypical protein kinase required for pre-40S subunit maturation. We report the crystal structure of eukaryotic Rio2-ATP-Mg(2+) complex. The active site contains ADP-Mg(2+) and a phosphoaspartate intermediate typically found in Na(+), K(+) and Ca(2+) ATPases but not protein kinases. Consistent with this finding, ctRio2 exhibits a robust ATPase activity in vitro. In vivo, Rio2 docks on the ribosome, with its active site occluded and its flexible loop positioned to interact with the pre-40S subunit. Moreover, Rio2 catalytic activity is required for its dissociation from the ribosome, a necessary step in pre-40S maturation. We propose that phosphoryl transfer from ATP to Asp257 in Rio2's active site and subsequent hydrolysis of the aspartylphosphate could be a trigger to power late cytoplasmic 40S subunit biogenesis.</p>