Generation and molecular recognition of melanoma-associated antigen-specific human γδ T cells.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Sci Immunol, Volume 3, Issue 30 (2018)
<p>Antigen recognition by T cells bearing αβ T cell receptors (TCRs) is restricted by major histocompatibility complex (MHC). However, how antigens are recognized by T cells bearing γδ TCRs remains unclear. Although γδ T cells can recognize nonclassical MHC, it is generally thought that recognition of antigens is not MHC restricted. Here, we took advantage of an in vitro system to generate antigen-specific human T cells and show that melanoma-associated antigens, MART-1 and gp100, can be recognized by γδ T cells in an MHC-restricted fashion. Cloning and transferring of MART-1-specific γδ TCRs restored the specific recognition of the initial antigen MHC/peptide reactivity and conferred antigen-specific functional responses. A crystal structure of a MART-1-specific γδ TCR, together with MHC/peptide, revealed distinctive but similar docking properties to those previously reported for αβ TCRs, recognizing MART-1 on HLA-A*0201. Our work shows that antigen-specific and MHC-restricted γδ T cells can be generated in vitro and that MART-1-specific γδ T cells can also be found and cloned from the naïve repertoire. These findings reveal that classical MHC-restricted human γδ TCRs exist in the periphery and have the potential to be used in developing of new TCR-based immunotherapeutic approaches.</p>