Mechanism for KRIT1 release of ICAP1-mediated suppression of integrin activation.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Mol Cell, Volume 49, Issue 4, p.719-29 (2013)
Keywords:Amino Acid Motifs, Amino Acid Sequence, Cell Line, Tumor, Conserved Sequence, Crystallography, X-Ray, Humans, Hydrogen Bonding, Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions, Integrin beta1, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, KRIT1 Protein, Membrane Proteins, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding, Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs, Protein Structure, Quaternary, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Signal Transduction
<p>KRIT1 (Krev/Rap1 Interaction Trapped-1) mutations are observed in ∼40% of autosomal-dominant cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), a disease occurring in up to 0.5% of the population. We show that KRIT1 functions as a switch for β1 integrin activation by antagonizing ICAP1 (Integrin Cytoplasmic Associated Protein-1)-mediated modulation of "inside-out" activation. We present cocrystal structures of KRIT1 with ICAP1 and ICAP1 with integrin β1 cytoplasmic tail to 2.54 and 3.0 Å resolution (the resolutions at which I/σI = 2 are 2.75 and 3.0 Å, respectively). We find that KRIT1 binds ICAP1 by a bidentate surface, that KRIT1 directly competes with integrin β1 to bind ICAP1, and that KRIT1 antagonizes ICAP1-modulated integrin activation using this site. We also find that KRIT1 contains an N-terminal Nudix domain, in a region previously designated as unstructured. We therefore provide insights to integrin regulation and CCM-associated KRIT1 function.</p>