Structural basis for error-free replication of oxidatively damaged DNA by yeast DNA polymerase η.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Structure, Volume 18, Issue 11, p.1463-70 (2010)
Keywords:Catalytic Domain, Crystallography, DNA Adducts, DNA Repair, DNA Replication, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Guanine, Models, Molecular, Protein Conformation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
<p>7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) adducts are formed frequently by the attack of oxygen-free radicals on DNA. They are among the most mutagenic lesions in cells because of their dual coding potential, where, in addition to normal base-pairing of 8-oxoG(anti) with dCTP, 8-oxoG in the syn conformation can base pair with dATP, causing G to T transversions. We provide here for the first time a structural basis for the error-free replication of 8-oxoG lesions by yeast DNA polymerase η (Polη). We show that the open active site cleft of Polη can accommodate an 8-oxoG lesion in the anti conformation with only minimal changes to the polymerase and the bound DNA: at both the insertion and post-insertion steps of lesion bypass. Importantly, the active site geometry remains the same as in the undamaged complex and provides a basis for the ability of Polη to prevent the mutagenic replication of 8-oxoG lesions in cells.</p>