Structure-based design and optimization of a new class of small molecule inhibitors targeting the P-stalk binding pocket of ricin.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Bioorg Med Chem, Volume 100, p.117614 (2024)


Binding Sites, Peptides, Protein Binding, Ribosomes, Ricin


<p>Ricin, a category-B agent for bioterrorism, and Shiga toxins (Stxs), which cause food poisoning bind to the ribosomal P-stalk to depurinate the sarcin/ricin loop. No effective therapy exists for ricin or Stx intoxication. Ribosome binding sites of the toxins have not been targeted by small molecules. We previously identified CC10501, which inhibits toxin activity by binding the P-stalk pocket of ricin toxin A subunit (RTA) remote from the catalytic site. Here, we developed a fluorescence polarization assay and identified a new class of compounds, which bind P-stalk pocket of RTA with higher affinity and inhibit catalytic activity with submicromolar potency. A lead compound, RU-NT-206, bound P-stalk pocket of RTA with similar affinity as a five-fold larger P-stalk peptide and protected cells against ricin and Stx2 holotoxins for the first time. These results validate the P-stalk binding site of RTA as a critical target for allosteric inhibition of the active site.</p>

8T9V for the RTA-RU-NT-59 complex, 8TAB for the RTA-PD00589 complex, and 8TAD for the RTA-RU-NT-206 complex