Pseudouridine monophosphate glycosidase: a new glycosidase mechanism.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Biochemistry, Volume 51, Issue 45, p.9245-55 (2012)
Keywords:Catalytic Domain, Crystallography, X-Ray, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Glycoside Hydrolases, Kinetics, Lysine, Molecular Conformation, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Substrate Specificity
<p>Pseudouridine (Ψ), the most abundant modification in RNA, is synthesized in situ using Ψ synthase. Recently, a pathway for the degradation of Ψ was described [Preumont, A., Snoussi, K., Stroobant, V., Collet, J. F., and Van Schaftingen, E. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. 283, 25238-25246]. In this pathway, Ψ is first converted to Ψ 5'-monophosphate (ΨMP) by Ψ kinase and then ΨMP is degraded by ΨMP glycosidase to uracil and ribose 5-phosphate. ΨMP glycosidase is the first example of a mechanistically characterized enzyme that cleaves a C-C glycosidic bond. Here we report X-ray crystal structures of Escherichia coli ΨMP glycosidase and a complex of the K166A mutant with ΨMP. We also report the structures of a ring-opened ribose 5-phosphate adduct and a ring-opened ribose ΨMP adduct. These structures provide four snapshots along the reaction coordinate. The structural studies suggested that the reaction utilizes a Lys166 adduct during catalysis. Biochemical and mass spectrometry data further confirmed the existence of a lysine adduct. We used site-directed mutagenesis combined with kinetic analysis to identify roles for specific active site residues. Together, these data suggest that ΨMP glycosidase catalyzes the cleavage of the C-C glycosidic bond through a novel ribose ring-opening mechanism.</p>