Generation and characterization of a single-chain anti-EphA2 antibody.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Growth Factors, Volume 32, Issue 6, p.214-22 (2014)
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibody Affinity, Binding Sites, Antibody, Cell Line, Tumor, Cercopithecus aethiops, COS Cells, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Receptor, EphA2, Single-Chain Antibodies
<p>Recombinant antibody phage library technology provides multiple advantages, including that human antibodies can be generated against proteins that are highly conserved between species. We used this technology to isolate and characterize an anti-EphA2 single-chain antibody. We show that the antibody binds the antigen with 1:1 stoichiometry and has high specificity for EphA2. The crystal structure of the complex reveals that the antibody targets the same receptor surface cavity as the ephrin ligand. Specifically, a lengthy CDR-H3 loop protrudes deep into the ligand-binding cavity, with several hydrophobic residues at its tip forming an anchor-like structure buried within the hydrophobic Eph pocket, in a way similar to the ephrin receptor-binding loop in the Eph/ephrin structures. Consequently, the antibody blocks ephrin binding to EphA2. Furthermore, it induces apoptosis and reduces cell proliferation in lymphoma cells lines. Since Ephs are important mediators of tumorigenesis, such antibodies could have applications both in research and therapy.</p>