Structure of a transmission blocking antibody in complex with Outer surface protein A from the Lyme disease spirochete, Borreliella burgdorferi.
Publication Type:Journal Article
<p>319-44 is a human monoclonal antibody capable of passively protecting mice against tick-mediated infection with Borreliella burgdorferi, the bacterial genospecies responsible for Lyme disease in North America. In vitro, 319-44 has complement-dependent borreliacidal activity and spirochete agglutinating properties. Here, we report the 2.2 Å-resolution crystal structure of 319-44 Fab fragments in complex with Outer surface protein A (OspA), the ~30 kDa lipoprotein that was the basis of the first-generation Lyme disease vaccine approved in the United States. The 319-44 epitope is focused on OspA β-strands 19, 20, and 21, and the loops between β-strands 16-17, 18-19, and 20-21. Contact with loop 20-21 explains competition with LA-2, the murine monoclonal antibody used to estimate serum borreliacidal activities in the first-generation Lyme disease vaccine clinical trials. A high-resolution B-cell epitope map of OspA will accelerate structure-based design of second generation OspA-based vaccines.</p>