A widely distributed diheme enzyme from Burkholderia that displays an atypically stable bis-Fe(IV) state.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Nat Commun, Volume 10, Issue 1, p.1101 (2019)
<p>Bacterial diheme peroxidases represent a diverse enzyme family with functions that range from hydrogen peroxide (HO) reduction to post-translational modifications. By implementing a sequence similarity network (SSN) of the bCCP_MauG superfamily, we present the discovery of a unique diheme peroxidase BthA conserved in all Burkholderia. Using a combination of magnetic resonance, near-IR and Mössbauer spectroscopies and electrochemical methods, we report that BthA is capable of generating a bis-Fe(IV) species previously thought to be a unique feature of the diheme enzyme MauG. However, BthA is not MauG-like in that it catalytically converts HO to water, and a 1.54-Å resolution crystal structure reveals striking differences between BthA and other superfamily members, including the essential residues for both bis-Fe(IV) formation and HO turnover. Taken together, we find that BthA represents a previously undiscovered class of diheme enzymes, one that stabilizes a bis-Fe(IV) state and catalyzes HO turnover in a mechanistically distinct manner.</p>